Design Brief with Business Model - In line with the design concept, I designed an entire system including identification of Vendors , Execution Process & Planning, and building a Business Model. This involved a thorough study of make-shift schools in India , world climate and geography to identify materials that could be available during natural disasters in all locations of the world, psychological impact on communities affected and exploring various materials & techniques that could be used.
The Process Flow and Furniture Options - The following details were worked out: - Number of tyres required (area occupied by different types of tyres - bike/truck/small cars etc) - Materials readily available during various calamities in various climatic and geographical locations (example : earthquake - debris, fallen trees, stones/ boulders, mud ; avalanche - snow, fallen trees, boulders , volcanic eruption - ash) - Filler material for the tyres - Debris , Sand, Mud, Pebbles, Plastic Waste, Cans & Bottles, Cob.
Detailed Steps for Setting up the Floor - Options for final layer - Mud / Clay - Cob (mixture of clay, sand, straw, water, and earth) - Wheat paste for sealing the earthen floors. - Bamboo or Straw Mats - Paper Crete (Paper mache + Cement mix) - Cement - Carpet
The final layer could have floor games and local art incorporated. This can serve as an outlet for affected communities where in they come together and express themselves through art / craft .
Flooring option with in-built backrest and add-on furniture - In ideal posture, back rest should be up to scapula. Minimum requirement is a good lower back support. The latter is highly recommended for people with back problems and also to prevent them. The tyres here provide the required back support. The tables have been made from waste wire reels with a table top for waste wood.
Play area with a seating arrangement - The picture shows the following : - A floor game – Hop Skotch. - A sitting area in the shape of a pyramid. (The tyres need not be filled up. Tyres of similar sizes can be tied together to form a layer and stacked up.) - A tunnel bench - This serves as a play area as well as a seating arrangement. - A swing made from tyres.
Library with furniture to relax and read - - Shows the book shelf made from tyres - The tyres are pounded while they are being laid down. - One of the ways in which a chair can be created from tyres - One tyre is fixed into the other. The inner tyre serves as back rest. Nails can be used to keep tyres in place.